Trees and Shrubs
Newly planted trees and shrubs are at greatest risk and need 1-2 good soakings each week. A 5-gallon bucket, slowly running hose, "leaky pipe" or soaker hoses laid up-side down and snaked under the branches, or sprinklers adjusted to soak the area under the tree canopy are all good options.
- Trees and shrubs planted in the last 3 years still need extra water during dry periods.
- Established trees can also be under stress and benefit from mulch and watering. Birch trees, sugar maples, and other trees native to cool forests suffer drought stress first but all trees benefit from water during hot ,dry periods.
- Trees stressed from lack of water are more susceptable to insect pests, winter injury, yellowing foliage and other problems that may not show up until several months after the dry weather.
- Evergreen trees and shrubs won't wilt to indicate they are under water stress but need water as described above.
Established lawns, especially those started with seed, have the ability to become dormant without permanent damage. Dormant lawns should not be watered to make them green up unless homeowners plan to continue watering until cooler, wetter, weather returns.
- Lawns need 1" to 1 1/2" of water per week to stay green. Its time to water when the lawn color turns to a green-bronze and grass blades don't spring back in your footsteps as you walk across the lawn. Applying enough water to soak the top foot of soil benefits trees as well as lawns.
- Raise your mower height to shade the grass crown and roots
- Even dormant turf benefits from light watering during extended dormant periods to keep the grass crowns from entirely drying out. Sprinkle long enough to apply 1/4"-1/2" once or twice a week.
Container Gardens and Hanging Baskets
Fertilizer and Herbicides
Flower and Vegetable Gardens